2,000,000 (2012 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 3,239,000.
Al Bahr al Ahmar state; Kassala, Nahr an Nil, and Al Qadarif states, southeast River Nile.
Hadendoa (Hadendiwa, Hadendowa), Hadareb (Hadaareb), Bisharin (Bisariab), Beni-Amir. Little vocabulary in common with other Cushitic languages, but a great deal of the verbal morphology is similar.
SOV; prefixes, postpositions, causatives, reciprocals, reflexives, subject; suffixes distinguish person, number, gender.