A language of Sudan

Alternate Names
Beḍauye, Bedawi, Bedawiye, Bedja, Bedàwie, Beja, Biďaːwyéːt, Tibďaːwyě, To Bedawiat, To Bedawie, Tu Bdhaawi, Tu-Bedawie
Bidhaawyeet, Tubdhaawi, بجاوية‎ (Bidhaawyeet), تُبڈاوِ‎ (Tubdhaawi)

2,140,000 in Sudan (2015). Total users in all countries: 3,364,000.


Red Sea state; Gedaref, Kassala, and River Nile states, southeast river Nile.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


Hadendoa (Hadendiwa, Hadendowa), Hadareb (Hadaareb), Bisharin (Bisariab), Beni-Amir. Little vocabulary in common with other Cushitic languages, but a great deal of the verbal morphology is similar.


SOV; prefixes, postpositions, causatives, reciprocals, reflexives, subject; suffixes distinguish person, number, gender.

Language Use

All domains. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Sudanese Spoken Arabic [apd], Tigré [tig].

Language Development

Literature. Radio. Dictionary. Texts. Bible portions: 2008–2010.


Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], minimal usage. Latin script [Latn], used since 1990s, primary usage.

Other Comments

Beja is the Arabic name. Not related to Western Egyptian Bedawi Spoken Arabic (Bedawi) [ayl] or Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Spoken Arabic (Bedawi) [avl].

Also spoken in:

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