Betawi

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A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Batavi, Batawi, Betawi Malay, Jakarta Malay, Melayu Betawi, Melayu Jakarte
Population

L1 users: 5,000,000 (2000 census). Population count imprecise due to vague ethnic and linguistic definition of ‘Betawi’. Ethnic population: 6,800,000 (2011 census).

Location

Banten province: Tangerang recency and city; dominant in Jakarta Special Capital Region; Jawa Barat province: Bekasi, Bogar, and Karawang regencies, also Bekasi and Depok cities.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

None known. A Malay-based creole distinct from both Indonesian [ind] and other Malay-based pidgins and creoles. It evolved mid-19th century. Unique phonological, morphological, and lexical traits. Influences from Peranakan Indonesian [pea] and Bali [ban]. Often not intelligible to Indonesian speakers not familiar with it (1989 R. Allen).

Language Use

Functions as a Low variety in a diglossic situation, but has covert prestige when used by the upper class.

Language Development
Radio. TV. Videos. Grammar.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Muslim.

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