Bondo

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Bhonda Bhasha, Bonda, Bondo-Poraja, Nanqa Poroja, Poraja Katha, Remo, Remosum
Population

9,000 (2002 SIL). 5,570 Upper Bondo and 3,500 Lower Bondo. Few Lower Bondo are monolingual.

Location

Odisha state: Malkangiri district, Khoirput sub-district, Bondo Hills.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b* (Threatened).

Dialects

Upper Bondo, Lower Bondo. Lexical similarity: 70%–94% with other Bondo varieties, 45%–51% with Gutob Gadaba [gbj], 22%–32% with Upper Gata’ [gaq] (Didayi).

Language Use

Positive attitudes. Many also use Adivasi Oriya [ort], for trade and interactions with surrounding communities. Few Upper Bondo are bilingual.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 12% (2001 census). Literature. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 2010.

Writing

Oriya (Odia) script [Orya].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Hindu.

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