Haryanvi

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Bangaru, Banger, Bangri, Bangru, Chamarwa, Desari, Hariani, Hariyani, Haryani, Jatu
Autonym
हरियाणवी‎ (Hariyāṇvī)
Population

9,810,000 in India (2011 census). Ethnic population: 16,000,000 (1992 SIL). Total users in all countries: 9,810,900 (as L1: 9,810,890; as L2: 10).

Location

Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh states; Delhi.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Bangaru Proper, Deswali, Khadar. Good intelligibility among dialects, but Haryanvi is not intelligible with Hindi [hin]. Reportedly most similar to Braj Bhasha [bra]. Lexical similarity: 92% among dialects.

Language Use

Home, religion. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Hindi [hin], with proficiency higher among the educated.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 55% in Hindi [hin]. Grammar. Bible portions: 2001.

Writing

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Khadar used by speakers in Jind to refer to the speech of Rohtak and Sonipat. Hindu, Muslim.

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