Bhili

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Bhagoria, Bhil, Bhilbari, Bhilboli, Bhilla, Bhilodi, Lengotia, Vil
Autonym
भीली‎ (Bhīlī)
Population

3,290,000 (2011 census). 10,400,000 for all Bhil languages (2011 census).

Location

Gujarat state: Dohad, Panch Mahals, and Sabarkantha districts; Madhya Pradesh state: Dhar, Indore, Jhabua, Khargone, and Ratlam districts; Rajasthan state: Banswara, Dungapur, and Udaipur districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

5* (Developing).

Dialects

Ahiri, Anarya (Pahadi), Bhilodi, Bhim, Charani, Habura, Konkani, Kotali (Kotvali, Kotwalia), Magra Ki Boli, Nahari (Baglani), Naikdi, Panchali, Patelia, Ranawat, Rani Bhil, Siyalgir, Valvi, Labani. Bhili of Ratlam District in Madhya Pradesh is inherently intelligible with Wagdi [wbr] and a connecting link between Gujarati [guj] and Rajasthani (Marwari) [mve].

Language Use

Spoken as L1 by the Patelia in Madhya Pradesh. Also use Hindi [hin].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 10%. Literature. Radio. TV. Videos. NT: 1930.

Writing

Devanagari script [Deva]. Gujarati script [Gujr].

Other Comments

‘Bhil’ is an ethnic designation (caste or tribe). Bhili is a Scheduled Tribe in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Tripura; Kotwalia is a Scheduled Tribe in Gujarat and Maharashtra. Dewali (Dehawali) is a cover term for Vasavi and Kotali, among others. Traditional religion.

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