A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Baying, Bayung, Ikke lo, Kiranti-Bayung, Pai Lo, Radu lo

15,250, all users. L1 users: 11,700 (2011 census). L2 users: 3,550 (2011 census).


Sagarmatha zone: Khotang district; Kathmandu; northeast Okhaldhunga district, Barnalu, Baruneswor, Bhadaure, Bigutar, Diyale, Harkapur, Mamkha, Okhaldhunga, Ragdip, Ratmate, Rumjatar, and Serna VDCs (Rumdali dialect); southeast Okhaldhunga district, Ketuke, Moli, Ubu, and Waksa VDCs (Tolacha dialect); Solukhumbu district south tip, Necha Batase and Sallyan VDCs.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Rai.


Rumdali, Nechali, Tolacha, Moblocha, Hangu. 85% or above intelligibility among all dialects. Rumdali is best understood among all Bahing dialects (Lee et al 2005). Related to Sunwar [suz]. Lexical similarity: 83%–95% with dialects, 48% with Sunwar [suz] (Lee et al 2005).



Language Use

Reportedly still used often by younger generation. Shift to Nepali [npi] relatively low (Winter and Hansson 1991); High vitality (Lee et al 2005). Home, friends, religion, work. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Many also use Nepali [npi] (Lee et al 2005). Used as L2 by Bantawa [bap], Nepali [npi], Thulung [tdh], Wambule [wme].

Language Development

Bahing orthography introduced through community-based development efforts. Two books published (2009). Bahing orthography being promoted for use by the whole Bahing community. Literature. Periodicals. Radio. Dictionary. Texts. Agency: Bahing Kirat Mulukhim.


Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian, Hindu.

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