Bahing

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A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Baying, Bayung, Ikke lo, Kiranti-Bayung, Pai Lo, Radu lo
Population

11,700 (2011 spelling correction).

Location

Sagarmatha Zone, northeast Okhaldhunga district, Harkapur, Ragdip, Bigutar, Baruneswor, Okhaldhunga, Rumjatar, Barnalu, Mamkha, Ratmate, Serna, Diyale, and Bhadaure VDCs (Rumdali dialect); mid southeastern Okhaldhunga district, Ketuke, Moli, Waksa, and Ubu VDCs (Tolocha dialect); Solukhumbu district south tip, Necha Batase and Sallyan VDCs; Khotang district; Kathmandu.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Rai.

Dialects

Rumdali, Nechali, Tolacha, Moblocha, Hangu. 85% or above intelligibility among all dialects. Rumdali is best understood among all Bahing dialects (Lee et al 2005); Bahing is more homogeneous than most Kiranti languages. Related to Sunwar [suz]. Lexical similarity: 83%–95% with dialects, 48% with Sunwar [suz] (Lee et al 2005).

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

Reportedly still used often by younger generation. Shift to Nepali [npi] relatively low (Winter and Hansson 1991); High vitality (Lee et al 2005). Home, friends, religion, work. All ages. Positive attitudes. Many also use Nepali [npi] (Lee et al 2005). Used as L2 by Bantawa [bap], Nepali [npi], Thulung [tdh], Wambule [wme].

Language Development
Bahing orthography introduced through community-based development efforts. Two books published (2009). Bahing orthography being promoted for use by the whole Bahing community. Poetry. Magazines. Radio programs. Dictionary. Agency: Bahing Kirat Mulukhim.
Writing

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian, Hindu.

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