L1 users: 1,400 (1991 SIL). 700 monolinguals.
Morobe province: Wau district, Bulolo river headwaters. 7 villages.
Also use Tok Pisin [tpi].
Literacy rate in L1: 50%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Literacy rate in L1 dropped due to adult reader deaths and the shift of children to Tok Pisin [tpi]. Literacy rate in L2 remains high due to the number of children attending school. NT: 1985.
Latin script [Latn].