Birhor

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Bihor, Birhar, Birhore, Birhul, Mankidi, Mankidia, Mankiria
Population

L1 users: 2,000 (Van Driem 2007). Nomadic habits make assessment difficult. Some estimates as low as 1,000 (Parkin 1991).

Location

Chhattisgarh state: Raigarh district; Jharkhand state: southern Hazaribag, southern Palamau, Ranchi, and Singhbhum districts; Maharashtra state; Odisha state: Kalahandi, Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj, Sambalpur, and Sundargarh districts; West Bengal state: Puruliya district.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

None known. Lexical similarity: 55%–72% with Santhali [sat], Ho [hoc], Mundari [unr], and Munda [unx].

Language Use

Vigorous. No indication of language shift. Most domains. Positive attitudes. Also use Hindi [hin], Ho [hoc], Munda [unx], Mundari [unr], Odia [ory], Sadri [sck], Santhali [sat].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 10% in Hindi [hin].
Writing

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe. Traditionally nomadic. Hindu, traditional religion.

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