Kanauji

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Bhakha, Braj, Braj Kanauji, Dehati, Kannauji
Autonym
देहाती‎ (Dehati), हिन्दी‎ (Hindi)
Population

9,500,000 (2001 USCWM).

Location

Uttar Pradesh state: Auraiya, Etawah, Farrukhabad, Hardoi, Kanpur, Pilibhit, Mainpuri, and Shahjahanpur districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Kanauji Proper, Tirhari, Transitional Kanauji. Transitional Kanauji dialect is between Kanauji and Awadhi [awa]. Grierson and Konow call it a form of Braj Bhasha [bra]. The variety spoken in Kannauj and Farrukhabad is considered the pure form (Grierson and Konow 1903–1928). Lexical similarity: 84%–97% between all varieties of Kanauji, 72%–76% with Bundeli [bns], 70%–78% with Braj Bhasha [bra], 83%–94% with Hindi [hin].

Language Use

Shifting to Hindi [hin]. Various domains. Negative attitudes. Most also use Hindi [hin], the less-educated having lower proficiency.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 60% (2001 census). NT: 1821.
Writing

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Kanauji may be only a name given by scholars. Language not commonly referred to as Kanauji. Very low identity. Regard their language as a variety of Hindi [hin]. However, a small local group is interested in promoting Kanauji before it dies out. Hindu, Christian.

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