Banjar

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A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Bandjarese, Banjar Malay, Banjarese, Labuhan
Autonym
بنجر‎ (Banjar)
Population

L1 users: 3,500,000 (2000 census), increasing. Total users in all countries: 3,505,000.

Location

Kalimantan Selatan province: Banjarmasin area; Kalimantan Tengah province: Palangkaraya, Pangkalanbun, and Sampit; Kalimantan Timur province: Kutai, Pasir, and Pulau Laut coastal regions, north toward Samarinda city and Mahakan delta; Kalimantan Barat province: some in coastal Matua; Kalimantan south and southeastern coasts, Java Sea and Makassar Strait.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication). Banjar became a LWC through trade. LWC in the market, in business, and in media. Banjar, already dominant in South Kalimantan Province, is also growing rapidly in Central and Eastern Kalimantan provinces.

Dialects

Kuala, Hulu. Lexically influenced by Javanese [jav]. Lexical similarity: 73% with Indonesian [ind], 66% with Tamuan (Malayic Dayak) [xdy], 45% with Bakumpai [bkr], 35% with Ngaju [nij]. A member of macrolanguage Malay [msa].

Language Use

Vigorous. Also use Indonesian [ind].

Language Development
Newspapers. TV. Dictionary.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab].

Other Comments

Muslim.

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