A language of China

Alternate Names
Bulang, K’ala, Kawa, Kontoi, Plang, Pula, Pulang

42,000 in China (2000 census). Ethnic population: 120,000 (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 55,200.


Yunnan province: Xishuangbanna Dai autonomous prefecture, Jinghong county, Damengnong district; Menghai county, Bada, Bulangshan, Daluo, and Xiding districts.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Blang.


Phang, Kem Degne. In Thailand, the group from Mae Sai came from Sipsongpanna, Yunnan, China, stayed in Myanmar for a while, and have been in Thailand since 1974. 6 to 10 dialects represented in one refugee village in Thailand. Samtao [stu] of Myanmar and China is not intelligible with Blang, but is closely related to Blang and Wa [wbm].


SVO; modifiers follow noun heads; voiceless nasal initials; singular-dual-plural pronoun distinction; rich in morphophonemic processes; tonal, 4 tones.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Lü [khb], Mandarin Chinese [cmn], Vo Wa [wbm]. Used as L2 by Lahu [lhu].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 77% (2000 census). Literature. Grammar. Bible portions: 2015.


Latin script [Latn]. Tai Le script [Tale], used in Dehong and Lincang, Yunnan, China. Tai Tham (Lanna) script [Lana], used in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, China. Thai script [Thai].

Other Comments

Buddhist, Christian.

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