Tai Dam


A language of Viet Nam

Alternate Names
Black Tai, Tai Do, Tai Noir, Thái Den
ʼTáy Ðăm, ’Táy

699,000 in Viet Nam (2002 SIL). Total users in all countries: 777,700.


Dat Lak, Dien Bien, Lao Cai, Lai Chau, Phu Tho, Son La, and Yen Bai provinces; Gia Lai province: Pleiku city; Lam Dong province: Tung Nghia city; Thanh Hoa province: Thuong Xuan district, Tho Thanh sub district; and elsewhere.

Language Status

5* (Developing). Language of recognized ethnic group: Thai.


Táy Mu’ò’i (Meuay, Tai Mueai). Reportedly similar to Thai Song [soa] and Tai Dón [twh], but not inherently intelligible of Tai Dón.

Language Use

Also use Tai Dón [twh] (Abadie 2001), Vietnamese [vie]. Used as L2 by Kháng [kjm], Tai Dón [twh].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Radio. Dictionary. NT: 2013–2014.


Lao script [Laoo]. Latin script [Latn]. Tai Viet script [Tavt].

Other Comments

Part of Thái official ethnic community (1,550,423, 2009 census), which also includes Tai Dón [twh] and Tai Daeng [tyr]. Officially included under Dai in China. Traditional religion.

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