A language of Equatorial Guinea

Alternate Names
Bano’o, Banoho, Banoo, Bapuku, Noho, Nohu, Noku, Puku

8,000 in Equatorial Guinea (2017 SIL), decreasing. Very few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 9,000 (2017). Total users in all countries: 13,750.


Litoral province: Bapuku along central coast, south of Mbini to Cabo San Juan.

Language Status

6b* (Threatened).


Bapuku (Bapoko, Bapuu, Naka, Puku). The Puku are an Ndowe coastal people.

Language Use

Most also use Spanish [spa]. Some also use French [fra].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: Most are literate in Spanish [spa]. Radio. Bible: 2010.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Different from Batanga [bdu] of South West Region in Cameroon (Balundu-Bima), and the Batanga dialect of Caka [ckx]. Traditionally coastal fishermen. All the Benga and Batanga consider themselves ‘Boumba’ (those who use ‘mba’ to refer to ourselves), and together with additional groups are ‘Ndowe’ (the beach peoples). Christian, traditional religion.

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