A language of India

Alternate Names
Bishnupria Manipuri, Bishnupriya, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Bisna Puriya

79,600 in India (2011 census). Total users in all countries: 119,600.


Assam state: Cachar, Hailakandi, and Karimganj districts; north Tripura state.

Language Status

4 (Educational).


Madai Gang (Leimanai), Rajar Gang (Ningthaunai). Though once regarded as a Bengali-Meitei creole, it retains pre-Bengali features (Masica 1991). Lexical similarity: 81%–85% between dialects in Bangladesh, 41%–45% with Bengali [ben].


SOV; postpositions, articles before noun heads, question word before the verb, affixes indicate case of noun phrase; CV, CVC, CVV, CCV, VC, VCV; nontonal.

Language Use

Also use Bengali [ben].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 80%. Taught in primary schools, in Tripura. Literature. Radio. Videos. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1995. Agency: Bishnupuriya Language and Development Organisation.


Bengali (Bangla) script [Beng].

Other Comments

Reported to also live in three villages in Myanmar but these villages cannot be identified. Hindu.

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