Bakhtiâri

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A language of Iran

Alternate Names
Lori, Lori-ye Khaveri, Luri
Population

1,000,000 (2001). 350,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 1,000,000 (2001).

Location

Southwest, mainly Khuzestan Province; also in west Chahar Mahall va Bakhtiari, east Lorestan, and Kohgiluyeh va Buyer Ahmad provinces; smaller areas, west Esfahan and Markazi provinces; Masjed-e Soleiman, Shahr-e Kord, Dorud.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Masjed-e Soleiman, Shahr-e Kord, Izeh, Haftgel, Aligudarz, Chelgerd, Kohrang (Kuhrang), Haflang (Haftlang), Charlang (Chaharlang). Bakhtiâri is on a continuum of related varieties between Northern Luri [lrc] and Southern Luri [luz]. Farsi dialects in Chaharmahâl va Bakhtiâri Province are mutually intelligible with Bakhtiâri. Lexical similarity: 75% with Southern Luri (Mamasani) [lrc], 86% with Southern Luri (Boyerahmadi) [luz], 73% with Northern Luri (rural), 78% with Northern Luri (Khorramabadi), 76% with Iranian Persian [pes].

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, commerce. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use English [eng], Iranian Persian [pes]. Used as L2 by Dezfuli [def], Domari [rmt].

Language Development
Poetry. Dictionary. Grammar.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab]. Arabic script, Nastaliq variant [Aran].

Other Comments

Little contact with Southern Luri [luz], some contact with Northern Luri [lrc]. Muslim.

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