Bakhtiâri

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A language of Iran

Alternate Names
Lori, Lori-ye Khaveri, Luri
Autonym
بختیاری‎ (Bakhtiâri)
Population

1,170,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). 350,000 monolinguals.

Location

Khuzestan province; also west Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Lorestan, and Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces; Esfahan and Markazi provinces: Dorud, Masjed-e Soleiman, and Shahr-e Kord.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Masjed-e Soleiman, Shahr-e Kord, Izeh, Haftgel, Aligudarz, Chelgerd, Kohrang (Kuhrang), Haflang (Haftlang), Charlang (Chaharlang). Bakhtiâri is on a continuum of related varieties between Northern Luri [lrc] and Southern Luri [luz]. Farsi dialects in Chaharmahâl va Bakhtiâri Province are mutually intelligible with Bakhtiâri. Lexical similarity: 75% with Southern Luri (Mamasani) [lrc], 86% with Southern Luri (Boyerahmadi) [luz], 73% with Northern Luri (rural), 78% with Northern Luri (Khorramabadi), 76% with Iranian Persian [pes].

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, commerce. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use English [eng], Iranian Persian [pes].

Language Development

Literature. Dictionary. Grammar.

Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab]. Arabic script, Nastaliq variant [Aran].

Other Comments

Little contact with Southern Luri [luz], some contact with Northern Luri [lrc]. Muslim.

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