A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Balkura, Baraamu, Baramo, Baramu, Brahmu

215, all users. L1 users: 160 (2011 census), decreasing. L2 users: 55 (2011 census).


Gandaki zone: central and south Gorkha district, Dandagaun and Mailung VDCs, Takhu village up the Doraundi Khola east side near Kumhali, about 7 villages; possibly Dhading district.

Language Maps
Language Status

8a (Moribund). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Baramou.


Dandagaun, Mailung. Related to Thangmi [thf] (Grierson and Konow 1903–1928).


SOV; postpositions; noun head final; 2 noun classes (animate and inanimate); genitives, adjectives, numerals before noun heads; content q-word in situ; maximum number of prefixes 3, 1 suffix; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; affixes indicate case of noun phrase; verb affixation does not mark person or number—obligatory; ergative; both tense and aspect; no passives or voice; causatives, comparatives; simple syllable patterns: V, CV, VC, CVC; nontonal; 21 consonant and 6 vowel phonemes.

Language Use

Shifting to Nepali [npi]. Home, religion; mixed use: Friends, work. Older adults only. Positive attitudes. Also use Nepali [npi].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: Low. Literacy rate in L2: 49% in Nepali [npi]. Newspapers. Radio. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. Agencies: NFDIN; Nepal Baram Association.


Devanagari script [Deva], recently developed.

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian, Hindu.

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