L1 users: 1,330,000 (2001 census). Total users in all countries: 1,334,380.
Assam state: mainly Darrang, Goalpara, Kamrup, Lakhimpur, Nagaon, and Sibsagar districts; Manipur state: Chandel (Tengnoupal) district; Meghalaya state: West Garo Hills district, Tikrikilla sub-district, 7 villages; East Khasi Hills district; West Bengal state: Cooch-Behar, Darjeeling, and Jalpaiguri districts.
5 (Developing). Statutory language of provincial identity in Assam (1950, Constitution, Articles 345–347).
Chote, Mech. West Bengal dialect reportedly different from Assam.
Traditional religion, Christian.