L1 users: 6 (2012 SIL).
Maluku Utara province: at least 2 villages on Bacan and Mandioli islands.
8b (Nearly extinct).
A member of macrolanguage Malay [msa].
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%.
No evidence of an earlier indigenous language (1987 J. Collins). Muslim.