Batak Karo

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A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Karo Batak, kalak Karo
Autonym
cakap Karo
Population

600,000 (1991 UBS).

Location

Aceh province: Aceh Selatan, Aceh Singli, Aceh Tenggara, and Kota Subulussalam regencies; North Sumatra province: Dairi, Deli Serdang, Karo, and Langkat regencies; Tapanuli Tengah regency, south small border area.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Lexical similarity: 81% with Batak Dairi [btd] (Pakpak dialect), 80% with Batak Similungun [bts], and 76% with Batak Alas-Kluet [btz] (Alas dialect) (Woollams 2005).

Typology

SVO; prepositions; noun head initial, except for quantifiers; actor-voice and undergoer-voice; causatives; 17 consonants and 7 vowels; stress on penultimate syllable; inclusive/exclusive pronouns.

Language Use

Shifting to Indonesian [ind] in urban and migrant areas. Mixed use: Home, Community, Work, Religion. Some young people, all adults.

Language Development

Grammar. Bible: 1987–1995.

Writing

Batak script [Batk]. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

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