Bugis

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A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Boegineesche, Boeginezen, Bugi, Buginese, De’, Rappang Buginese, To Ugi
Autonym
Basa Ugi
Population

5,500,000 in Indonesia, all users. 5,000,000 (2000 census), increasing. 500,000. Total users in all countries: 5,517,800 (as L1: 5,017,800; as L2: 500,000).

Location

Sulawesi Barat province: More, Pasangkayu on Mandar bay; Sulawesi Selatan province: widespread in peninsular interior (except south and east of Makassar city) east to Bone bay; Sulawesi Tengah province: Donggola, Oti, and Toaya, west; 3 Tolo bay enclaves east; Sulawesi Tenggara province: Kasiputih area, 3 interior enclaves near Sulawesi Tenggara, Lake Towuti, Bone bay east coast; possibly in Kalimantan, Maluku, Papua, and Sumatra provinces.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication).

Dialects

Bone (Dua Boccoe, Mare, Palakka), Pangkep (Pangkajene), Camba, Sidrap (Alitta, Pinrang Utara, Sidenrang), Pasangkayu (Ugi Riawa), Sinjai (Bulukumba, Enna, Palattae), Soppeng (Kessi), Wajo, Barru (Nepo, Pare-Pare, Soppeng Riaja, Tanete, Tompo), Sawitto (Pinrang), Luwu (Bua Ponrang, Luwu’, Malangke-Ussu, Wara). Bone and Soppeng dialects are central.

Typology

SVO; prepositions; noun head initial; verb affixes mark person; passives; causatives; 19 consonant and 6 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; stress on penultimate syllable.

Language Use

Vigorous. Also use Balantak [blz], Indonesian [ind]. Also use Fordata [frd], in a few villages. Used as L2 by Kodeoha [vko], Lemolang [ley], Moronene [mqn], Rahambuu [raz], Selayar [sly], Wotu [wtw].

Language Development
Radio. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1900–1997.
Writing

Buginese script [Bugi], no longer in use. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Muslim.

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