Bugis

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A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Boegineesche, Boeginezen, Bugi, Buginese, De’, Rappang Buginese, To Ugi
Autonym
Basa Ugi
Population

5,500,000 in Indonesia, all users. L1 users: 5,000,000 (2000 census), increasing. L2 users: 500,000. Total users in all countries: 5,517,800 (as L1: 5,017,800; as L2: 500,000).

Location

Sulawesi Barat province: More, Pasangkayu on Mandar bay; Sulawesi Selatan province: widespread in peninsular interior (except south and east of Makassar city) east to Bone bay; Sulawesi Tengah province: Donggola, Oti, and Toaya, west; 3 Tolo bay enclaves east; Sulawesi Tenggara province: Kasiputih area, 3 interior enclaves near Sulawesi Tenggara, Lake Towuti, Bone bay east coast; possibly in Kalimantan, Maluku, Papua, and Sumatra provinces.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication).

Dialects

Bone (Dua Boccoe, Mare, Palakka), Pangkep (Pangkajene), Camba, Sidrap (Alitta, Pinrang Utara, Sidenrang), Pasangkayu (Ugi Riawa), Sinjai (Bulukumba, Enna, Palattae), Soppeng (Kessi), Wajo, Barru (Nepo, Pare-Pare, Soppeng Riaja, Tanete, Tompo), Sawitto (Pinrang), Luwu (Bua Ponrang, Luwu’, Malangke-Ussu, Wara). Bone and Soppeng dialects are central.

Typology

SVO; prepositions; noun head initial; verb affixes mark person; passives; causatives; 19 consonant and 6 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; stress on penultimate syllable.

Language Use

Vigorous. Also use Balantak [blz], Indonesian [ind]. Also use Fordata [frd], in a few villages. Used as L2 by Kodeoha [vko], Lemolang [ley], Moronene [mqn], Rahambuu [raz], Selayar [sly], Wotu [wtw].

Language Development
Radio. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1900–1997.
Writing

Buginese script [Bugi], no longer in use. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Muslim.

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