5,500,000 in Indonesia, all users. 5,000,000 (2000 census), increasing. 500,000. Total users in all countries: 5,517,800 (as L1: 5,017,800; as L2: 500,000).
Sulawesi Barat province: More, Pasangkayu on Mandar bay; Sulawesi Selatan province: widespread in peninsular interior (except south and east of Makassar city) east to Bone bay; Sulawesi Tengah province: Donggola, Oti, and Toaya, west; 3 Tolo bay enclaves east; Sulawesi Tenggara province: Kasiputih area, 3 interior enclaves near Sulawesi Tenggara, Lake Towuti, Bone bay east coast; possibly in Kalimantan, Maluku, Papua, and Sumatra provinces.
3 (Wider communication).
Bone (Dua Boccoe, Mare, Palakka), Pangkep (Pangkajene), Camba, Sidrap (Alitta, Pinrang Utara, Sidenrang), Pasangkayu (Ugi Riawa), Sinjai (Bulukumba, Enna, Palattae), Soppeng (Kessi), Wajo, Barru (Nepo, Pare-Pare, Soppeng Riaja, Tanete, Tompo), Sawitto (Pinrang), Luwu (Bua Ponrang, Luwu’, Malangke-Ussu, Wara). Bone and Soppeng dialects are central.
SVO; prepositions; noun head initial; verb affixes mark person; passives; causatives; 19 consonant and 6 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; stress on penultimate syllable.