L1 users: 80,000 (Liang and Zhang 2002). 10,000 monolinguals. Women and small children are monolingual. Ethnic population: 120,000.
Guangdong province: Fengkai county, Chang’an, Jinzhuang, and Qixing districts, several villages; southwest Huaiji county, Dagang, Liangcun, Qiaotou, Shidong, and Yonggu districts.
6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Han.
Minor dialect differences, but all mutually intelligible.
Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Yue Chinese [yue], specifically a local dialect, when communicating with Chinese-speaking Han and Zhuang people.
Consider themselves a distinct ethnic group from Chinese-speaking Han people around them. Traditional religion, Buddhist, Daoist.