Nicaragua Creole English

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A language of Nicaragua

Alternate Names
Mískito Coast Creole English
Autonym
Creole
Population

18,400 (2009 UNSD). 630 Rama Cay Creole speakers (Holm 1989).

Location

Scattered. North Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region and South Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region: Bluefields region, Corn islands, Pearl lagoon, Prinzapolka, Puerto Cabezas, Rama Cay island.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational). Recognized language (1993, Official Language Use, Atlantic Autonomous Regions, Law No. 162, Article 4).

Dialects

Rama Cay Creole English, Bluefields Creole English.

Language Use

Positive attitudes. Also use English [eng], Spanish [spa]. Used as L2 by Garifuna [cab], Mískito [miq], Rama [rma], Spanish [spa], Ulwa [ulw].

Language Development
Taught in primary schools.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

There is a continuum of variation from basilectal Creole to acrolectal English of the educated.

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