Nicaragua Creole English


A language of Nicaragua

Alternate Names
Mískito Coast Creole English

18,400 (2009 UNSD). 630 Rama Cay Creole speakers (Holm 1989).


Atlántico Norte and Atlántico Sur departments: Bluefields region, Corn islands, Pearl lagoon, Prinzapolka, Puerto Cabezas, Rama Cay island.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of provincial identity in northern and southern areas (1993, Atlantic Coast Languages Act No. 162, Article 4).


Rama Cay Creole English, Bluefields Creole English.

Language Use

Positive attitudes. Also use English [eng], Spanish [spa]. Used as L2 by Garifuna [cab], Mískito [miq], Rama [rma], Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Bible portions: 1999.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

There is a continuum of variation from basilectal Creole to acrolectal English of the educated.