Carrier, Southern


A language of Canada


500 (1987 SIL). 2,060 identified in 2001. Census does not separate Babine [bcr], Central Carrier [crx], and Southern Carrier. All Athapaskan L1 speakers in Canada 17,400 (2016 census).


British Columbia province: west of Quesnel and south of Cheslatta lake, Anahim Lake-Ulkatcho, toward the Fraser river and tributaries.

Language Maps
Language Status

8a (Moribund).


Cheslatta, Prince George, Stoney Creek, Nautley, Stellaquo. Lexical similarity: 90% with Central Carrier [crx].

Language Use

Also use English [eng]. Used as L2 by Chilcotin [clc].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Literature adapted from Central Carrier is useable. NT: 2002.


Latin script [Latn]. Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics script [Cans], no longer in use.

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