Carolinian

Print
Alternate Names
Refalúwasch, Saipan Carolinian, Southern Carolinian, “Gupallao” (pej.)
Population

L1 users: 2,420 (2000 census). No monolinguals.

Location

Widespread.

Language Status

4 (Educational). Statutory language of national identity (1978, Constitution, Article 22(3)), co-official with English [eng] and Chamorro [cha].

Dialects

None known. Lexical similarity: 95% with Carolinian and Satawalese [stw], 88% with Woleaian [woe] and Puluwatese [puw], 81% with Mortlockese [mrl], 78% with Chuukese [chk], and 74% with Ulithian [uli].

Language Use

All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. All also use English [eng]. All also use Chamorro [cha], on Saipan; many speakers over age 50 speak it with a high level of proficiency.

Language Development
L1 taught, but English is language of instruction. Taught in primary and secondary schools. Literature. Newspapers. Videos. Dictionary.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

1 of 3 official languages in Northern Mariana Islands (with English [eng] and Chamorro [cha]). Christian.

Page Views Left: