3,750,000 in Spain (European Commission 2012). L2 users: 5,150,000 in Spain (European Commission 2012). Total users in all countries: 9,229,420 (as L1: 4,079,420; as L2: 5,150,000).
Catalonia, Valenciana,Balearic Islands, and Aragon autonomous communities; Carche region, Murcia autonomous community.
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Balearic Islands (1983, Statute of Autonomy of the Balearic Islands, No. 2 (1983), Article 3(3)). Statutory provincial language in Balearic Islands (1983, Statute of Autonomy of the Balearic Islands, No. 2 (1983), Article 3(3)). Statutory provincial language in Valencia Autonomous Community (1982, Autonomy Act, No. 9, 1982, Article 7), Valencian in local laws. Statutory provincial language in Aragon Autonomous Community (1982, Autonomy Act, No. 8, 1982, Article 7), LAPAO (Eastern Aragonese) in local laws. Statutory provincial language in Catalonia Autonomous Community (1979, Autonomy Act, No. 4, 1979, Article 3(2,5)).
Catalan-Rousillonese (Northern Catalan), Valencian (Valencià, Valenciano), Balearic (Balear, Eivissenc, Insular Catalan, Mallorqui, Menorqui, Menorquin), Central Catalan, Algherese, Northwestern Catalan (Aiguavivan, Eastern Aragonese, Lleidatà, Pallarese, Ribagorçan). Standardized variety is a literary composite of several dialects and written form is most similar to Barcelona speech. Pallarese and Ribogorçan dialects less similar to standard Catalan. Benasquese and Aiguavivan people live in isolated valleys and have distinct phonology from their neighbors. Tortosin may be more similar to Valencian. Central Catalan has 90% to 95% inherent intelligibility for speakers of Valencian (1989 R. Hall, Jr.). Lexical similarity: 87% with Italian [ita], 85% with Portuguese [por] and Spanish [spa], 76% with Ladin [lld], 75% with Sardinian [src], 73% with Romanian [ron].
SVO; prepositions; most attributive adjectives come after noun, numbers and possessives before the noun; gender (masculine/feminine); definite and indefinite articles; verb affixes mark person, number; passives; tense; comparatives; 22 consonants, 7 vowels, 4 diphthongs; non-tonal; stress on penultimate syllable.
Latin script [Latn].