15,800,000 in Philippines (2000 census). Total users in all countries: 15,810,000.
Widespread; throughout Visayas and south Masbate provinces; parts of Mindanao.
3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of provincial identity in Cebu Province, 4 other areas (1991, ACFLC Section 3(f)).
Cebu, Boholano, Leyte, Mindanao Visayan. Boholano sometimes considered a separate language.
VSO; noun head final; tense and aspect; 16 consonants, 3 vowels, 4 diphthongs; non-tonal; free stress; inclusive/exclusive pronouns.
Also use Bolinao [smk]. Used as L2 by Ata [atm], Butuanon [btw], Central Sama [sml], Central Subanen [syb], Chavacano [cbk], Cotabato Manobo [mta], Davawenyo [daw], Eskayan [esy], Giangan [bgi], Higaonon [mba], Ilianen Manobo [mbi], Inabaknon [abx], Kagan Kalagan [kll], Kalagan [kqe], Kamayo [kyk], Kinamiging Manobo [mkx], Kolibugan Subanon [skn], Koronadal Blaan [bpr], Mandaya [mry], Matigsalug Manobo [mbt], Northern Subanen [stb], Obo Manobo [obo], Porohanon [prh], Rajah Kabunsuwan Manobo [mqk], Sangil [snl], Sarangani Blaan [bps], Southern Subanen [laa], Surigaonon [sgd], Tagakaulo [klg], Tandaganon [tgn].