A language of Uganda

Alternate Names
Bachiga, Bahororo, Bakiga, Ciga, Kiga, Nkore, Nkore-Kiga, Oluchiga, Orukiga, Rukiga, Runyankore-Rukiga

2,390,000 (2014 census), increasing. Census based on tribal affiliation.


Kibaale district: extreme southwest, Kabale, Rukungiri, Kanungu, north Kisoro, and Ntungamo districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).


RuNyaifwe-Hororo, RuSigi, RuNyangyezi, RuHimba. 72% intelligible with Nyankore [nyn]. Lexical similarity: 84%–94% with Nyankore [nyn], 77% with Nyoro [nyo], 75% with Zinza [zin], 72% with Nyambo [now], 70% with Haya [hay], 68% with Tooro [ttj], 63% with Kerewe [ked].

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, church. All ages. Positive attitudes. Most also use Nyankore [nyn], which is closely related. Used as L2 by Nyankore [nyn].

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Taught in secondary schools, as a subject. Literature. Newspapers. Radio. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. Bible: 1989.

Latin script [Latn], used since 1964.

Other Comments

Standardized form of the western varieties (Nyankore-Chiga and Nyoro-Tooro) is called Runyakitara. It is taught at the University and used in internet browsing, but is a hybrid language. Christian.

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