Chontal, Highland Oaxaca

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A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Chontal de la Sierra de Oaxaca, Highland Chontal, Tequistlatec, Tsame, Tsome
Population

2,420 (2000 INALI).

Location

Oaxaca state: San José Chiltepec, San Lucas Ixcatepec, and 15 towns west of Tehuantepec isthmus.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Chontal de Oaxaca alto, Chontal de Oaxaca bajo.

Typology

VS, SV, or VO; medium long words, affixes; nontonal.

Language Use

Most speakers are over 40 years old. Also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 60%–100%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1991.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

‘Tequistlateco’ has been used in publications, but true Tequistlateco was spoken in Tequisistlán town, and is now extinct.

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