Chinook

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Lower Chinook, Shoalwater
Population

No known L1 speakers (2017). Ethnic population: 140 (2000 census).

Location

Oregon: Warm Springs Reservation; Washington: Yakima Reservation.

Language Status

9 (Dormant). Language of registered tribe: Confederated Tribes of the Siletz Reservation, Quinault Indian Nation, Shoalwater Bay Indian Tribe of the Shoalwater Bay Indian Reservation.

Dialects

Klatsop (Clatsop, Tlatsop), Shoalwater (Chinook Proper).

Typology

SVO, VSO.

Language Use

Shifted to English [eng]. The Shoalwater dialect has been extinct since the 1930s.

Language Development
Grammar. Texts. Language classes at Warm Springs (Golla 2007).
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