Chinook Wawa


A language of United States

Chinook Wawa

Alternate Names
Chinook Jargon, Chinook Pidgin, Chinuk Wawa, Jargon, Tsinuk Wawa

1 in United States (Grant 2013).


Oregon: Polk and Yamhill counties, Grand Ronde reservation.

Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct).


None known. Many words from Chinook, large admixture of words from Nuu-chah-nulth [nuk], Canadian French [fra], and English [eng].

Language Use

Shifted to English [eng]. Formerly used widely in 19th century as a trade language between Native Americans and Europeans, and between speakers of different languages.

Language Development
Dictionary. Bible portions: 1912.

Latin script [Latn].

Also spoken in:

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