Chinook Wawa


A language of United States

Alternate Names
Chinook Jargon, Chinook Pidgin, Jargon, Tsinuk Wawa
Chinuk Wawa

1 (Grant 2013).


Oregon: Polk and Yamhill counties, Grand Ronde reservation.

Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct). Language of registered tribe: Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon.


None known. Many words from Chinook, large admixture of words from Nuu-chah-nulth [nuk], Canadian French [fra], and English [eng].

Language Use

Shifted to English [eng].

Language Development
Dictionary. Bible portions: 1912. Language revitalization began in the 2000s, especially after the release of ‘Chinuk Wawa—As our elders teach us to speak it’. It is reported that some members of the tribe are now fluent speakers.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Formerly used widely in 19th century as a trade language between Native Americans and Europeans, and between speakers of different languages.

Also spoken in:

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