Chuvash

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A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Bulgar
Autonym
чӑваш чӗлхи‎ (Čăvaš čĕlȟi), чӑвашла‎ (Čăvašla)
Population

1,243,000 in Russian Federation, all users. L1 users: 1,043,000 (2010 census). L2 users: 200,000. Ethnic population: 1,440,000 (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 1,282,270 (as L1: 1,082,270; as L2: 200,000).

Location

Chuvashia republic: east of Moscow, near Volga river.

Language Status

6b (Threatened). Statutory language of provincial identity in Chuvash Republic (1993, Constitution, Article 68(2)).

Dialects

Anatri, Viryal.

Language Use

Only a few children are likely to become active users (Salminen 1999). Some children. Also use Russian [rus].

Language Development
Literature. Newspapers. Radio. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 2010.
Writing

Cyrillic script [Cyrl].

Other Comments

The only extant language in Bolgar branch of Turkic. Christian, traditional religion.

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