Chuvash

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A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Bulgar
Population

1,243,000 in Russian Federation, all users. L1 users: 1,043,000 (2010 census). L2 users: 200,000. Ethnic population: 1,440,000 (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 1,280,000 (as L1: 1,080,000; as L2: 200,000).

Location

Chuvashiya Republic: east of Moscow, near Volga river. About half live in towns.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational). Statutory language of provincial identity in Chuvash Republic (1993, Constitution, Article 68(2)).

Dialects

Anatri, Viryal. The only extant language in Bolgar branch of Turkic.

Language Use

Also use Russian [rus].

Language Development
Literature. Newspapers. Radio. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 2010.
Writing

Cyrillic script [Cyrl].

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

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