Cheyenne

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Tsitsistas
Autonym
Tsėhesenėstsestȯtse
Population

380 (2018 W. Leman), decreasing. Spoken by 350 in Montana, 30 in Oklahoma (2018 W. Leman). Ethnic population: 4,000 (Golla 2007). In Montana.

Location

Montana: Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation; central Oklahoma.

Language Status

8a (Moribund). Language of registered tribe: Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes, Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation.

Typology

Polysynthetic language; pragmatic word order; grammatical animacy; tonal.

Language Use

Conversation and prayer. Older adults only. Middle-aged or older. All also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 100% in English [eng]. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. Bible portions: 1902–2007. Summer camps for children in Montana where Cheyenne taught by fluent speakers. Taught in Dull Knife Memorial College and at reservation schools in Montana (2018 W. Leman).
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

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