Cimbrian

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A language of Italy

Alternate Names
Tzimbro, Zimbrisch
Population

2,230. 500 in Lusernese Cimbrian in Trentino Alto Oolige 40 km southeast from Trento, plus 1,500 Sette Comuni Cimbrian (40% of Roana (Rowan), 70% of Messaselva di Roana Rotzo) in Veneto around 60 km north of Vicenza (Kloss 1978), and 230 or 65% of Giazza (Ijetzan) Veneto, 43 km northeast of Verona (1992 R. Zamponi). 22,700 were in Sieben Gemeinde and 12,400 in Dreizehn Gemeinde in 1854.

Location

Veneto region: Vincenza province, Roana commune.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Lusernese Cimbrian, Tredici Communi Cimbrian (Tauch), Sette Comuni Cimbrian. Based on structural and intelligibility differences, the 3 dialects could be considered separate languages. Lusernese Cimbrian is heavily influenced by Italian [ita]. Heavily influenced by Bajuwarisch dialects. Sometimes considered a dialect of South Bavarian [bar]. Different from Bavarian [bar], Walser [wae], and Mocheno [mhn].

Language Use

A number of children still learn Cimbrian in Luserna. Some presence in school and media. More active attempts to promote it in recent decades (Salminen 2007). Some young people, all adults. Middle-aged or older in Sette, all ages in Luserna. Also use Italian [ita], Standard German [deu]. Also use Venetian [vec], specifically the Trentin variety.

Writing

Latin script [Latn].

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