L1 users: 500 (2010 census). Ethnic population: 10,000 (2014 NCRP).
Dagestan Republic: Tsumadinsky district. 14 villages; Chechnya Republic, 8 villages.
6b (Threatened). Statutory language of provincial identity in Dagestan Autonomous Republic (1994, Constitution, Article 10).
Gadyri (Gachitl-Kvankhi), Gakvari (Agvali-Richaganik-Tsumada-Urukh), Gigatl (Hihatl), Tsumada, Kwenkhi. Dialects quite distinct. Gigatl (Hihatl) and Chamalal proper (with Gadyri, Gakvari, Tsumada and Kwenkhi dialects) are considered to be sublanguages.