Cham, Eastern


A language of Viet Nam

Alternate Names
Bhamam, Chiem, Chiem Thành, Tjam

72,900 (Bradley 2007a). All Cham: 161,729 (2009 census) but as many as 250,000 (Bradley 2007a).


Binh Thuan, Dong Nai, and Ninh Thuan provinces: Ho Chi Minh city.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b* (Threatened). Language of recognized ethnic group: Cham.

Language Use

Also use Vietnamese [vie] (Bradley 2007a).

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 5%–10%. Literacy rate in L2: 60%. Radio. Grammar. Bible portions: 1973.


Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab]. Cham script [Cham], primary usage. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Official Cham ethnic group also includes Western Cham [cja] and Haroi [hro]. Remnants of a once-powerful kingdom. Austro-Asiatic influences. Traditional religion, Christian, Hindu.

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