Cham, Eastern


A language of Viet Nam

Alternate Names
Bhamam, Chiem, Chiem Thành, Tjam

72,900 in Viet Nam (2002). All Cham: 250,000 (Bradley 2007). Population total all countries: 73,790.


Binh Thuan, Ninh Thuan, and Dong Nai provinces; Ho Chi Minh City.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized ethnic group: Cham.

Language Use

Being replaced by Vietnamese [vie] (Bradley 2007). Also use Vietnamese [vie].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 5%–10%. Literacy rate in L2: 60%. Radio programs. Grammar. Bible portions: 1973.

Arabic script [Arab]. Cham script [Cham], primary usage. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Part of official Cham 161,729 (2009 census) ethnic community which includes Western Cham [cja] and Haroi [hro]. Remnants of a once-powerful kingdom. Austro-Asiatic influences. Traditional religion, Christian, Hindu.

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