A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Aba, Kondoma Tatar, Kuznets Tatar, Mras Tatar, Shortsy, Tom-Kuznets Tatar

2,840 (2010 census). 50 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 12,900 (2010 census).


Kemerovo province; scattered throughout Russian Federation.

Language Status

7 (Shifting).


Mrassa (Mrasu), Kondoma. Some sources combine Shor and Chulym [clw].

Language Use

Few domains except perhaps family. Adults only, mostly middle-aged or older (Salminen 2007). Mixed attitudes, from neutral to strongly positive. All also use Russian [rus], except 50 monolinguals.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 95% in Russian [rus]. Literature. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. Bible portions: 2004–2011.


Cyrillic script [Cyrl], Altai missionaries developed first alphabet in 1880s. Latin script [Latn], used between 1930-1938.

Other Comments

Different from Shor dialect of Khakas [kjh]. Study of Shor revived; language association formed; chair of Shor created at Pedagogical University in Novokuznetsk (1996 I. Nevskaya). Traditional religion, Christian.

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