Chinese, Jinyu

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A language of China

Alternate Names
Jin, Jinyu
Population

45,000,000 (1995).

Location

Mainly Shanxi, Nei Mongol, and Shaanxi provinces; some in west Hebei, Henan, Beijing and Gansu provinces.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Han.

Dialects

Changzhi, Pingyao. Formerly considered part of Xibei Guanhua dialect of Mandarin Chinese [cmn], but now considered by many a separate major dialect of Chinese. Unlike Mandarin, it has contrastive glottal-checked syllables and other distinctive features. A member of macrolanguage Chinese [zho].

Typology

SVO; tonal.

Language Use

All ages. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 91% (2000 census, Han nationality). Highly literate in Chinese and they use that literature.
Writing

Han script, Simplified variant [Hans]. Han script, Traditional variant [Hant].