A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Chuchee, Chukcha, Chukchee, Chukot, Luoravetlan
Ԓыгъоравэтԓьэн йиԓыйиԓ‎ (Ḷygʺoravėtḷʹėn jiḷyjiḷ)

5,100 (2010 census). Ethnic population: 15,900 (2010 census).


Chukotka autonomous district, Kamchatka krai, and Sakha (Yakutia) republic.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Uellanskij, Pevekskij, Enmylinskij, Nunligranskij, Xatyrskij, Chaun, Enurmin, Yanrakinot. Closely related to Alutor [alr], Kerek [krk] and Koryak [kpy]. Itelmen [itl] is more distantly related. Chukchi may be mutually intelligible with some varieties of Koryak (1988 B. Comrie). Literary dialect and gender dialects also exist. Gender differences largely phonological. Women’s dialect largely ignored in language development.


SOV/SVO; postpositions; no articles; case-marking (8 cases); verb affixes mark person, number, object; ergativity; 14 consonant and 6 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; vowel harmony.

Language Use

60% of the population. Few domains but extensive use in reindeer herding brigades. Some young people, all adults. Very few children speak it (Salminen 2007). Positive attitudes. Also use Even [eve], Northern Yukaghir [ykg], Yakut [sah]. Also use Russian [rus]. Less than 50 speakers of Russian with varying proficiency, but nomadic groups resist Russian language and culture. Used as L2 by Northern Yukaghir [ykg].

Language Development

Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 2004.


Cyrillic script [Cyrl].

Other Comments

School at Anadyr. Chukchi in Magadan area are nomadic. Traditional religion.

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