A language of India

Alternate Names
Ida, Idu, Midhi, Midu, Nedu, Yidu Luoba, “Chulikata” (pej.), “Chulikotta” (pej.), “Sulikota” (pej.)

11,000 (2001 census). 2,200 monolinguals. Total users in all countries: 11,080.


Arunachal Pradesh state: Dibang Valley district; Assam and West Bengal states.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Reportedly most similar to Digaro-Mishmi [mhu]. Different from Adi [adi]. May be a dialect of Mising [mrg]. Lexical similarity: 7% with the Miju-Mishmi dialect of Miju-Mishmi [mxj], 25% with Digaro-Mishmi [mhu].


SOV; postpositions; genitives before noun heads; numerals after noun heads, adjective and relatives before noun head; affixes indicate case of noun phrase; comparatives; open syllables; tonal (3 level tones: high, mid, low).

Language Use

Home, community, religion. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Assamese [asm], Hindi [hin], Nepali [npi]. Also use English [eng], especially educated individuals.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 55% (2001 census). Radio. Grammar. Texts.

Tibetan script [Tibt], used in China.

Other Comments

Mishmi Idu is a Scheduled Tribe. May not be in the Tani group, but is related. Buddhist, Hindu.

Also spoken in:

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