L1 users: 44 (2010 census). Ethnic population: 360 (2010 census).
Khakasiya, north of Altay mountains, Chulym river basin, Ob river tributary.
8b (Nearly extinct).
Lower Chulym, Middle Chulym. Reportedly similar to Shor [cjs]; some consider them one language. The government considers them separate.
Middle-aged or older. Also use Russian [rus].
Spoken in villages. Also spoken by the Kacik (Kazik, Kuarik).