1,080 in Ecuador (2012 UNSD), increasing. Many monolinguals. Ethnic population: 1,500. Total users in all countries: 2,580.
Napo province: near Santa Rosa de Sucumbíos, and down Aguarico river 130 km; Sucumbíos province; 5 main centers in Colombia and Ecuador border areas.
Latin script [Latn].
Variously classified as Chibchan with Western Tucanoan features (Ferndon, Borman), Barbacoan (J. Mason), or - erroneously - as Jivaroan (Ruhlen 1987). Some Witotoan influences. Traditional religion, Christian.