Cofán

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A language of Ecuador

Alternate Names
A’i, A’ingae, Kofán, Kofane
Population

1,080 in Ecuador (2012 UNSD), increasing. Many monolinguals. Ethnic population: 1,500. Total users in all countries: 2,580.

Location

Napo province: near Santa Rosa de Sucumbíos, and down Aguarico river 130 km; Sucumbíos province; 5 main centers in Colombia and Ecuador border areas.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

Vigorous. Some Siona and Secoya have learned Cofán due to intermarriage, and their children learn Cofán. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Napo Quichua [qvo], Secoya [sey], Siona [snn], Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 60%. Literacy rate in L2: 60%. Schools are in Spanish [spa], except for early grades which provide bilingual education. Taught in primary schools. Radio programs. Dictionary. NT: 1980–2007.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Variously classified as Chibchan with Western Tucanoan features (Ferndon, Borman), Barbacoan (J. Mason), or - erroneously - as Jivaroan (Ruhlen 1987). Some Witotoan influences. Traditional religion, Christian.

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