Miao, Chuanqiandian Cluster


A language of China

Alternate Names
Chuanchientien Miao, Chuanqiandian Miao, Core Farwestern Hmongic, Hua Miao, Sichuan-Guizhou-Yunnan Miao, Western Miao

1,400,000 (Wang and Mao 1995).


Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region: west; Guizhou province; Sichuan province: south; Yunnan province: southeast and northeast.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing). Language of recognized nationality: Miao.


Hmong Dou, Downhill Hmong, Hongxian Miao, Red Thread Miao, Dananshan Miao, Hua Miao, Hwa Miao, Mong Hoa, Flowery Meo, Variegated Mong, Mong Leng, Mong Lenh, Hmong Len, Mong Shi, Mong Si, Hmong Shi, Light Hmong, Bai Miao, Qing Miao, Blue Hmong, Blue Meo, Tak Miao, Green Hmong, Green Meo, Ching Miao, Lu Miao, Meo Dam, Black Meo, Meo Lai, Striped Hmong, Hmong Dle Ncha, Qingshui Miao, Clear Water Hmong, Hmong La, Red Mong, Mong La Hou, Red-headed Hmong, Paddyfield Miao, Hmong Shua Bua, Sa Pa Hmong, Meo Den, Hmong Den, Hmong Dlo, Hmong Bua, Hmong Sou, Hei Miao, Black Mong, Black Hmong, Hmong Be, Mountain Hmong, Chuan Miao, River Miao, Sichuan Miao, Yaque Miao, Magpie Miao, Hmong Drout Raol, Six Village Miao, Liuzhai Miao, Luzhai Miao, Dianxi Miao, Western Yunnan Miao, White Miao. A member of macrolanguage Hmong [hmn].


SVO; 7–9 tones.

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, community, market. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn], especially the younger generation and urban residents. Used as L2 by Bugan [bbh].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 10% or less. Literacy rate in L2: 42% in Mandarin Chinese [cmn]. Taught in primary schools. Literature. Radio. NT: 2017.


Latin script [Latn], pinyin-based, 1958–1960 and from 1981, experimental.

Other Comments

Consider themselves Miao nationality.

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