A language of United States

Alternate Names
French Cree, Mitchif

75 in United States (2010 census), decreasing. L2 users: 0 in United States. Total users in all countries: 725.


North Dakota: Turtle Mountain Reservation.

Language Status

7 (Shifting).


None known. Reportedly most similar to Plains Cree [crk]. Several varieties in Canada.

Language Use

Taught for decades at Turtle Mountain Community College in Belcourt, North Dakota (Golla 2007). Speakers 70 and older. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar.
Other Comments

Spoken by some descendants of the children of Indian women and French fur traders.

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All
Page Views Left: