Sãotomense

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Alternate Names
Forro, Santomense, São Tomense
Population

69,900 (1999 SIL).

Location

São Tomé island: except south tip.

Language Status

6b (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in São Tomé Island except south tip.

Dialects

None known. Substratum largely Kwa [kwb] and Western Bantu languages; quite distinct from the creoles of Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Gambia, and Cape Verde. Lexical similarity: 77% with Principense [pre], 62% with Fa d’Ambu [fab] (Annobonese), 70% with Angolar [aoa].

Typology

Tonal.

Language Use

The language of social identity in most São Tomé social networks for age 30 and above. Forros, the emancipated, are a distinct ethnolinguistic group from the Angolares. Also use Portuguese [por]. Used as L2 by Angolar [aoa], Principense [pre].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 50% Portuguese.
Other Comments

Tonal, although 90% of lexicon of Portuguese [por] origin.