Cree, Southern East


A language of Canada

Alternate Names
Cri du Sud-Est, Eastern James Bay Cree Southern Dialect, James Bay Cree Southern Dialect
ᐄᓅ ᐊᔨᒨᓐ‎ (Īnū Ayimūn)

45 (2016 census).


Quebec, southeastward from James Bay, inland to the watershed east of Lake Mistissini. Coastal communities of Waskaganish, some in Eastmain. Inland, in Mistissini, Waswanipi, Nemaska, Ouje-Bougoumo.

Language Maps
Language Status

8a (Moribund). Language of recognized indigenous peoples: Cree Nation of Mistissini, Cree Nation of Nemaska, Eastmain, Oujé-Bougoumou Cree, The Crees of the Waskaganish.


Palatalized y-dialect within Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi language complex or dialect subgroup. Sometimes classified as Montagnais. A member of macrolanguage Cree [cre].

Language Use

Also use English [eng]. Used as L2 by Algonquin [alq].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 15%–20%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%. Language of instruction in lower grades, taught as a subject in upper grades. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 2001.


Latin script [Latn]. Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics script [Cans], uses eastern finals.

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