Cree, Southern East


A language of Canada

Alternate Names
Eastern James Bay Cree Southern Dialect, James Bay Cree Southern Dialect

L1 users: 7,310 (1997 MSSS).


Quebec, southeastward from James Bay, inland to the watershed east of Lake Mistissini. Coastal communities of Waskaganish, some in Eastmain. Inland, in Mistissini, Waswanipi, Nemaska, Ouje-Bougoumo.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Palatalized y-dialect within Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi language complex or dialect subgroup. Sometimes classified as Montagnais. A member of macrolanguage Cree [cre].

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. Also use English [eng]. Used as L2 by Algonquin [alq].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 15%–20%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%. Language of instruction in lower grades, taught as a subject in upper grades. Radio. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 2001.

Latin script [Latn]. Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics script [Cans], uses eastern finals.

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