Cree, Northern East


A language of Canada

Alternate Names
Eastern James Bay Cree Northern Dialect, James Bay Cree Northern

5,310 (1997 MSSS).


West central Quebec, east coast of lower Hudson Bay and James Bay; some speakers likely on Nunavut islands in James Bay; Whapmagoostui, Chisasibi, Wemindji, and most in Eastmain communities.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Palatalized y-dialect within Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi language complex or dialect subgroup. Sometimes classified as Montagnais. A member of macrolanguage Cree [cre].

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 20%–25%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%. Taught in primary schools. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1921.

Latin script [Latn]. Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics script [Cans], uses eastern finals, dot first.