Cree, Moose

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A language of Canada

Alternate Names
West Main Cree, West Shore Cree, York Cree
Population

3000 (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 5,000 (1982 SIL).

Location

Southern tip of James Bay, Moosonee, Ontario. Moose Cree, East Cree [crl] and [crj], and Swampy Cree [csw] reside in this community and surrounding area (Moose Factory, Ontario).

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Nonpalatalized l-dialect within Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi language complex or dialect subgroup.

Language Use

Language in decline at Moose Factory; many young adults have little or no knowledge of it (2007). All ages. Also use English [eng]. Considered adequately bilingual.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 5%–10%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Grammar. NT: 1876.
Writing
Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics script, uses eastern finals.