Cruzeño

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Chumash, Chumasha Proper, Island Chumash, Island Chumashan, Isleño, Santa Rosa, Ysleño
Population

No known L1 speakers. All speakers relocated to mainland in early 19th century and probably extinct by early 20th century.

Location

California: Channel Islands off the coast from Santa Barbara.

Language Status

9 (Dormant).

Dialects

Not intelligible with other Chumash varieties. Had multiple dialects.

Language Development
Although only Ineseno [inz] descendants are organized as a recognized tribe, there is interest among all Chumash descendants in restoring their traditional culture and language. Chumash Living Language Revitalization Project was established in 1999 (Golla 2007).
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