Kashubian

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A language of Poland

Alternate Names
Cashubian, Cassubian, Kaszubski
Autonym
Kaszëbsczi jãzëk
Population

107,000 in Poland (2013 UNSD). Ethnic population: 233,000 (2011). Total users in all countries: 117,000 (as L1: 107,000; as L2: 10,000).

Location

Pomerania province: near Baltic coast, lower Vistula left bank; west of Gdansk bay; narrow strip inland, southwest from Gdynia.

Language Status

6b (Threatened). Recognized language (2005, Minorities Act of 2 January, Article 19).

Dialects

Kashubian Proper, Slovincian. German [deu] influences in the language. Transitional dialects between Kashubian Proper, the Slovincian dialect, and Polish [pol].

Language Use

No remaining speakers of Slovincian. Some young people, all adults. Many child speakers (Salminen 2007).

Language Development
NT: 1995.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Most of ethnic group speak regional variety of Polish [pol] (1993 T. Salminen).

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